According to the current digital ecosystem, cloud computing has become an integral part. After the introduction of Amazon Web Services in 2006, things have become upside down. It has come a long way thereby providing ideal solutions to businesses globally. Major actions that looked serious have changed down into a feasible thing. In the current world, the cloud has become resonate along with the millions of hearts. There are many professionals who have come across dealing with the ultimate data storage issues.
With the advent of cloud computing technology, many default platforms have been replaced by new applications along with legacy. As cloud computing is effectively ruling out the competitive environment, many hurdles have been reduced. The cloud computing world has taken its place in occupying the benefits of the technology.
Initially, cloud computing technology has taken a steep part of the famous S-curve. When the S-curve of technological adoption goes to success, it has emerged as a default platform for many new applications. Many legacy applications have shifted towards it.
Even Forbes says about Cloud Business Intelligence…
The year 2019 has to foresee a sharp upturn in cloud business intelligence. The 8th annual report of Forbes says that small organizations around 100 employees become the perennial adopters of Cloud in their business. Around 48% of the organizations will consider Cloud BI as a critical or very important factor in their business.
In order to have smooth cloud handling, cloud services have been split up into three different types. While describing the type of cloud computing, it can either be classified as per one or two ways. Either based on the deployment model or based on the service offered by the cloud.
As per the deployment model, the cloud can be classified into three types, namely
- Community cloud
What about the public, private, and hybrid clouds mentioned earlier. Here is a brief explanation regarding the cloud types.
Whilst considering public clouds, the computing infrastructure is located on the company premises and thus the location remains still. Hence, the customer has no physical control over the infrastructure. Public clouds use various shared resources and hence they are mostly performed in excel.
At the same time, the private cloud resembles a few similar factors as the public cloud. The only difference is that private cloud uses its own dedicated and private hardware. In detail, every customer or an organization owns a private cloud infrastructure in a separate manner. The companies also have the option to choose an on-premise private cloud. But, due to the huge expenses, many companies are adopting over to the private cloud. Adapting to the on-premise cloud may help in gaining physical control over the infrastructure. Another added advantage of using the private cloud is increased security and control levels.
As the name indicates, it is the process of using both the private and public clouds based on their purpose. In detail, companies can make their customers intact through the public cloud and keep their data secured through a private cloud. With the help of traditional public cloud service, the company can achieve elastic scalability with constant shifts in demand.
A community cloud is mainly for the organizations or a closed group who intend to share data and data management concerns. Community clouds can be accessed both on and off the premises.
On the contrary, the cloud can be classified according to the services too. They are enlisted below.
- Infrastructure as a Service
- Platform as a Service
- Software as a Service
Basically, in the current world, programs for a certain application are located in the remote machine owned by another company. Why? It is because of the popularity and the quality performance of the computer. It also helps in saving money for IT support and remain advantageous for the market. As known earlier, the computers that perform application run, data storage, and server usage system come under the definition of “ cloud”.
Let us have a magnificent look at the three types of Cloud computing.
Infrastructure as a Service
IaaS has indulged in giving business access to vital web architecture. Instead of managing the internet infrastructure by themselves, the companies have moved into IaaS. It helps in giving access to the architectural points including storage space, servers, and connections.
IaaS benefits the business in ample ways. Because of the economies of scale and specialization, IaaS benefits both the infrastructure of the business and the one using it. To be more clear, both PaaS and SaaS clouds come in the IaaS cloud. As the internet business has been growing and developing on-demand, IaaS seems to benefit both the provider and the client too. IaaS cloud demands the willingness to adapt to the complexity. But, along with the complexity comes flexibility. We can consider Amazon EC2 and Rackspace Cloud as examples of successful IaaS.
Platform as a Service (PaaS)
As said earlier, PaaS is a cloud that has been created many times inside the IaaS clouds. Who has been creating these clouds and why? Actually, these clouds are created by specialists to provide scalability and deployment to application trivial. As per it, the expenses will become scalable and predictable too. With the help of PaaS, the person can initiate the application at no time and with less stress. Based on the cloud computing factor, it becomes a little porting and makes it a useful thing. In addition, PaaS has been designed in such a way that it helps in increased scalability. Mosso, Google App Engine, and force.com will come under the examples of PaaS.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Software as a Service has been used for web-based applications. It is a method that helps in delivering software applications in the internet realm. It helps in managing software applications in an easier way. In addition, the same application can be handled on your devices at once through the cloud computing phenomenon. It greatly reduces the burden of maintenance, support, and other operations. Gmail and Salesforce will remain as an example for SaaS.
Coming to cloud computing architecture,
After getting a massive look at the services, it is time to know about cloud computing architecture. What comprises the cloud computing’s architecture? Any idea? As cloud computing has been trending in today’s technological world, many assumptions may roll down your mind. Cloud computing offers many advantages including flexibility, storage, and easy access. Along with the advantages, cloud computing can be used by any sized company.
For instance, even at home, cloud computing shakes hands with the user. To illustrate more in detail, let us consider Google Docs. It is a sort of cloud computing that helps in accessing anywhere. These services are provided through virtual networks. Not only Google Docs, but OneDrive, Skype, Spotify all come under the virtual network realm.
To the point, cloud computing architecture is the mix up of various components and sub-components of the cloud. It helps in constituting the structure of the system. Many sites and researchers have paved their opinion regarding the cloud computing realm. Even Wikipedia has justified regarding cloud computing architecture. It consists of the listed ones.
- Front end platform
- Back end platform
- Cloud-based delivery
- A network
Cloud architecture also includes middleware, cloud resources, etc apart from the above-mentioned list. But, as of now, the front end platform and the back end platform has been booming in the cloud architecture.
In short, the front end platform is the side that has been handled by the computer or the client. The back end platform is the section that denotes the cloud section.
Front end platform
In the cloud computing architecture, front end architecture is the user-facing part that helps in interacting with the user. It is comprised of many sub-components that up to come in improving the user experience. It mainly frames an integral part of how the user interacts with the cloud computing software.
Many individuals including IT professionals and other industrialists have continuous interaction with the front end architecture. To be in detail, the web browsers, local networks, and common web apps come under the examples for front end architecture. Gmail also has a front end module where the user interacts to get access to the services offered by the Gmail architecture.
Front end architecture comprises of three parts namely,
- User interface
- Client device/network
Software is the main component that helps in the app run in the cloud computing realm. The front end architecture intakes the form of a web browser and the client-side application.
In order to perform the tasks on the cloud, the user interface has been aiding in the end-user realm. There are many components that text editor in the services of Google Docs, in the interface to send and receive emails on Gmail. In some cases, both the UI and the software architecture have been comprised of a single phenomenon.
Client Device/ Network
In the front end architecture, the client-side hardware has also been included in the user’s PC and input devices. As the heavy tasks are processed in the cloud itself, the client device does not require huge computing power.
Behind the scenes, back end architecture is also a part of cloud computing. As many core components are included in it, the back end platform has been located on the server farm which is ultimately in the distant location.
Many robust and prominent cloud providers have been majorly using back end architecture. Generally, AWS has been using the effective back end architecture to ensure continuous uptime with lower latency. In addition, the front end architecture also plays an equal role to change it into a dependable and easy to use the product.
Among the distinct parts of the back end architecture, services include management and security. The system with general components includes the following.
- Cloud Runtime
Application, one of the major components in the back end cloud software, denotes the user interface that expects the side of the server. In the back end, the application is solely responsible to coordinate the needs of the consumer.
Service is the key to all the magic in cloud computing. It is solely providing the architecture utility to the users. It implies that any task that has been run on cloud computing has been under the service realm. On the other hand, services help in performing a plethora of tasks and functions. In the cloud runtime, many services including storage and web services have been managed by the services. More or less, services become the heart of the architecture and under the main components in the entire system.
After discussing the services, cloud runtime is the major thing to be discussed now. It is the place where the service ought to run. It resembles the operating system in the cloud. With necessary technologies like virtualization, the cloud runtime allows runtimes to exist multiple times in the same server.
Hypervisors or the runtime has been created using the virtualization software. Oracle’s Virtual box stands as an example of runtime. Comparing to the service foundation, it manages the resources and the tasks as per the service.
As the name indicates, it is the place where the cloud ought to store the data. Storage varies as per the cloud services in today’s world. The different kinds of storage realm include hard drives, solid-state drives, and Intel Optane DC Persistent storage.
In the back end architecture, storage performs well in the form of hard drives in several bays. At the same time, it has been managed using the management software and hence the partition in the drives may bound to occur. Using the storage, the operating system gets its need in the cloud to run various services as per the users’ request.
Apart from the other components of the back end platform, the infrastructure is the power given to the engine base. It includes additional components including CPU, GPU, motherboard and other system required components. Infrastructure may differ from one user to another. It also differs as per the workload. When the CPUs and GPUs are under cheap, then the enterprise workloads obviously depend on the hardware to run. A lot of cloud service providers ought to indulge in providing accelerators to the enterprise who are in need of it. Google’s Tensor Processing unit comes under the example of one of the accelerators. Actually, Google’s Tensor Processing Unit has been used by Google in order to execute AI tasks.
Why moving to the cloud seems the best option? Here are the reasons and benefits…
In the current technological realm, every small and large size enterprises have been moving toward cloud-based practice.
According to Forbes, around 83% of the enterprise workload will be in the cloud by the year 2020. In addition, 66% of the IT professionals stated that security is the main reason that stands behind the movement of cloud computing strategy.
Coming to the point, why businesses are moving toward the cloud? Why the enterprises are considering cloud as the best option? Assumptions apart! Let us get into the right deal.
Flexibility stands strong!!
Businesses adopting cloud computing mainly rely on the flexibility of the cloud. Cloud-based services are providing ideal services to the business in order to control their fluctuating profit margin. At the same time, when you can easily scale up the cloud capacity, the flexibility of the process ought to increase. The agility level in the business ought to increase. Due to the cloud’s varied advantages, it is no surprise that many CIOs and IT directors have been ranking agility as the top driver of cloud adoption.
In times of disaster, the cloud helps!!
When the company concerns about disaster recovery, every company is ready to invest in it. But for smaller businesses, investing in robust disaster recovery is not a feasible thing. For those businessmen, the cloud seems like a helping hand. To buck that trend, cloud computing has been moving alongside the companies. According to the Aberdeen Group, small businesses are more likely to invest twice as the larger companies in the cloud in order to get the backup and recovery solutions when compared with.
Software updates will become automatable
Keep your cloud computing services out of your sight. That is the major benefit of cloud computing. There are many suppliers who will take care of security updates. Instead, the professionals can indulge in focusing on the thing that increases the profit margin. It helps in growing your business in a larger amount.
Cutting down capital expenditure
Cloud computing has highly indulged in the high cost of the hardware. It helps in simply pay and go option that enables the client to enjoy as like the subscriber version. Using cloud computing, setup and management will become ease at your tips.
Collaboration ought to increase!!
Just imagine how it would be when the teams can edit, access, and share information remotely. It is a collaborative effort. This is what has been done by cloud computing services to the organizations. Cloud-based workflow really matters a lot and hence helps in file-sharing apps. It helps them in making real-time updates and thus full visibility in the collaboration might increase.
Gain control over your documents!!
When the number of employees and partners collaborate in the document portion, then the greater need for watertight documents will increase. With the help of cloud computing services, workers can send back the file and attach emails for one user at a time.
According to Adobe, 73% of knowledge workers collaborate with people living in different time zones and regions at least monthly.
When there is an effective move toward cloud computing, all files can be centralized and thus everyone will have a version of it. It increases the visibility ration and the work performance ration.
Security stands as a key!
Cloud computing helps in ensuring greater security to the data. When your data has been stored in the cloud, the access toward it remains the same irrespective of your system’s condition. So, when your personal laptop or any gadget is under repair, with the cloud computing system, you can access your data without any hurdle.
A step forward to increase competitiveness
When a particular enterprise has moved its data toward the cloud, it upfronts the team into the enterprise-class technology. It enables smaller businesses to act as big and hence achieving big projects. Cloud-based services are majorly helping small and medium-sized businesses to confront their inabilities and become an integral part of the enterprise world.
Future of cloud computing
Nowadays, professionals are way ahead in finding the innovative steps to implement in their enterprises. Cloud computing with its powerful and cost-effective plans provides many benefits to the company’s growth. The future of cloud computing is no lesser than the brightening star. Even Gartner says that cloud adoption will get a significant rise in the next four years. He stated that around 50% of the enterprises will move into the hybrid cloud. Cloud is there to stay in many companies thereby believing in hand-in-hand innovation.
Many companies have started moving toward the cloud in order to have safe and secure access to their data. As it provides benefits to both the host and the customer, it helps in keeping the company in a safer zone. In cloud technology, the company should be familiar with the latest development taking place in the cloud computing realm.